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Manufacturing Process Sodium Hypochlorite

Making Sodium Hypochlorite in a Factory There are many stages to be done to create sodium hypochlorite. The process is split in two components called, "Reaction and Product Discharge" and "Bleach Filtration". The picture below is a diagram of the Bleach Filtration stage. ("Intratec Solutions LLC", 2005) The packaging of Bleach.

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process flow diagram of sodium hypochlorite

process flow diagram of sodium hypochlorite. Process Flow Diagram and Treatment Processes The process flow for the Project is presented in Exhibit No 2 In addition, the anticipated,A sodium hypochlorite system will be installed to provide for disinfection of the water prior to introduction into the distribution system The sodium hypochlorite system will be sized...

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Manufacturing Process Bleach (Sodium Hypochlorite)

Chlorine and the new caustic soda solution is reacted, which creates sodium hypochlorite. The chlorine is circulated through the caustic soda. The reaction will happen instantly, and it can take place in a batch of 14,000 gallons, or can be done in a continuous reactor ("How Bleach is Made", 2007).

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Operation and Maintenance of Electrochlorination Plant

The continuous injection of Sodium Hypochlorite solution at sea water intake at a particular designed rate of flow with the concentration of 2 to 3 ppm will ensure the complete control of bio fouling. Electrochlorination The simplified flow chart below shows the process of Sodium Hypochlorite

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Seawater Electrochlorination Package

Process flow diagram. Product Leaflet / p 3 Frames Flow Control & Safeguarding Eikenlaan 2404 BP Alphen aan den Rijn The Netherlands Producing sodium hypochlorite in-situ offshore reduces the requirement for use of liquid chlorine solutions. The im-practicality of shipping, storing and

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Sodium Hypochlorite Handbook Occidental Petroleum

Fifteen weight percent sodium hypochlorite will decompose approximately 10 times faster than 5 wt% sodium hypochlorite at 25°C. The pH has a significant effect on the stability of sodium hypochlorite solutions. Below pH 11 the decomposition of sodium hypochlorite is significant due to the shift in the equilibrium in favor of the more

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Sodium Hypochlorite Chemical Production Chemical

Apr 01, 2013· The chemical process relies on the acquisition of chlorine and caustic soda (sodium hydroxide; NaOH) feedstock from external sources, in contrast with the electrochemical process for bleach, which also involves brine electrolysis. The process The chlorination of caustic soda to sodium hypochlorite is an exothermic reaction.

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Project Profile On Sodium Hypochlorite

Sodium Hypochlorite (NaOCl) is a compound that can be effectively used for surface purification, water disinfectants ( Disinfectants are microbial agents that are applied to nonliving objects to destroy microorganisms, the process of hich is known as disinfection), bleaching, odour removal etc. It has a relative density of

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Hypochlorite Production General Information

Sodium hypochlorite production equipment starting in 1964 with filtration since 1983 75% of NaOCl in US made on Powell equipment 90% in Canada Significant production in other countries Brazil, 80% Mexico, 80% Chile, Taiwan, Philippines, 65% Costa Rica, Saudi Arabia and others Chlorine scrubbing and chlorine valve emergency shutoff systems

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Sodium Hypochlorite Production Systems Powell

Sodium Hypochlorite Production Systems come fully assembled and skid-mounted, complete with controls, piping, and valves. These systems are automated for the safe, accurate production of sodium hypochlorite, and can be controlled by a single operator. Flow rates can vary as required. We offer the following production systems.

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Operation and Maintenance of Electrochlorination Plant

The continuous injection of Sodium Hypochlorite solution at sea water intake at a particular designed rate of flow with the concentration of 2 to 3 ppm will ensure the complete control of bio fouling. Electrochlorination The simplified flow chart below shows the process of Sodium Hypochlorite

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Sodium hypochlorite NaOCl PubChem

Soln of sodium hypochlorite containing 0.45-0.50 g of the salt in 100 ml. Prepd by diluting with distilled water a soln of sodium hypochlorite, adding a 5% soln of sodium bicarbonate, nad adjusting to proper strength and concn according to procedure described in N.F. May be prepared also from 15.4 g chlorinated lime (30% available chlorine), 7

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Sodium Hypochlorite Chemical Production Chemical

Apr 01, 2013· The chemical process relies on the acquisition of chlorine and caustic soda (sodium hydroxide; NaOH) feedstock from external sources, in contrast with the electrochemical process for bleach, which also involves brine electrolysis. The process The chlorination of caustic soda to sodium hypochlorite is an exothermic reaction.

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Sodium Hypochlorite an overview ScienceDirect Topics

A diagram of the process used is shown in Figure 11.2; a plant is illustrated in Plate 19(c).The brine for electrolysis is prepared by withdrawing saturated brine from a salt saturator at a concentration of approximately 360 g/l and diluting this to 20–30 g/l.About 3 kg of sodium chloride is required to form 1 kg of chlorine; approximately 50% of the sodium chloride is converted to hypochlorite.

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Fresh-Cut Produce Draft Guidance

Oct 10, 2018· I. Summary Process Control Chart for Adding Sodium Hypochlorite as an Antimicrobial Substance to Wash Water as an Example of a Process Preventive Control in the Production of

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Electrochlorination pars-treatment

process where either: natural seawa-ter, or, an artificial brine solution (fresh water + salt) is converted into sodium hypochlorite solution Salt is composed of sodium and chlo-ride. When in solution and DC (direct current) is passed through titanium electrodes, the chlorides will disasso-ciate to form chlorine. The process is

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PROJECT PREPARATION

used in many industries. Here are three examples: chlor-alkali industries, sodium and Aluminum industries [1]. The chlor-alkali electrolysis process industry is used in the manufacture of chlorine, sodium hydroxide (caustic soda) solution (an alkali) and hydrogen hence the term chlor-alkali.

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Technical Documents Powell

Sodium Hypochlorite Production Accuracy (ES-1700-SHS-06192020) Sodium Chlorate Crystals (TB-5002-SHS-06262020) Sodium Hypochlorite General Information Handbook (ES-1715-SHS-06082020)

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The Fundamentals of Chlorine Chemistry and Disinfection

5 Effect of Cl 2 on E.coli zRecent study on effect of chlorine on E. coli zTested 6 strains of O157:H7 at 4 Cl 2 levels 10.25 mg/L 10.5 mg/L 11.0 mg/L 12.0 mg/L X 0 0.5 1 and 2 mins contact time z5/6 isolates + E. coli control strain were highly susceptible to chlorine z>7 log10 reduction of each of these strains by 0.25 mg/L free chlorine within 1 min (CT value = 0.25)

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Water Treatment Math RCAC

Calcium hypochlorite Sodium hypochlorite Water Math Conversions If a treatment plant had a daily flow of 900,000 gallons per day and it needed to be dosed with 8mg/L of gas chlorine, how many pounds of chlorine would this take? Chlorination –box 13 2. If a treatment plant had a daily flow

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Sodium Hypochlorite Production Systems Powell

Sodium Hypochlorite Production Systems come fully assembled and skid-mounted, complete with controls, piping, and valves. These systems are automated for the safe, accurate production of sodium hypochlorite, and can be controlled by a single operator. Flow rates can vary as required. We offer the following production systems.

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Chlorine Pacing for Water Treatment Plants Automation

Sep 29, 2020· Make the speed proportional to the plant flow and regulate the stroke with a PID loop where the residual CL2 is the process variable and the desired dosage is the bias. The loop can be tricky to tune because of the iteraction between the plant flow rate and the time it takes for water to move from the injection point to the measurement point.

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What About Sodium Hypochlorite (NaOCl)? Flow Control

Sodium hypochlorite is inherently an unstable compound. Two things can happen to it in a piping system that will affect the choice of a valve. Sodium hypochlorite can decompose over time, which results in the formation of crystalline salts, and as it decomposes, one of the decomposition by-products is

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Water Treatment Design Lecture-13 Chlorination

Sodium Hypochlorite: NaClO Solution is relatively unstable: => need for quick consumption => regular supply required or: Production on site by electrolysis: => high impact on equipment => HCl for cleaning required High pH => operational risk due to aggressiveness High cost of consumption of chemicals => mostly applied for small flow rates

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SODIUM HYPOCHLORITE PRODUCTION Technical

concentration sodium hypochlorite. General Specifications Flow chart of a Sodium Hypochlorite production plant KERN STRATEGIES & DEVELOPMENTS S.L. Gran Vía 36, 1º izq., 50.005

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Sodium hypochlorite NaOCl PubChem

Soln of sodium hypochlorite containing 0.45-0.50 g of the salt in 100 ml. Prepd by diluting with distilled water a soln of sodium hypochlorite, adding a 5% soln of sodium bicarbonate, nad adjusting to

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Feasibility of Producing Sodium Hypochlorite for Water

Feasibility of Producing Sodium Hypochlorite for Water Disinfection Purpose Using Seawater Desalination Brine 4.4 RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN CURRENT DENSITY AND PROCESS EFFICIENCY.. 60 4.5 RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SURFACE AREA RATIO, CURRENT DENSITY AND PROCESS

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Wastewater Technology Fact Sheet US EPA

Process control Well developed Fairly well developed Relative complexity of technology Simple to moderate hypochlorite solutions, and chlorine compounds in solid or liquid form. Liquid sodium hypochlorite wastewater can flow

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Electrochlorination pars-treatment

process where either: natural seawa-ter, or, an artificial brine solution (fresh water + salt) is converted into sodium hypochlorite solution Salt is composed of sodium and chlo-ride. When in solution and DC (direct current) is passed through titanium electrodes, the chlorides will disasso-ciate to form chlorine. The process is

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The Fundamentals of Chlorine Chemistry and Disinfection

5 Effect of Cl 2 on E.coli zRecent study on effect of chlorine on E. coli zTested 6 strains of O157:H7 at 4 Cl 2 levels 10.25 mg/L 10.5 mg/L 11.0 mg/L 12.0 mg/L X 0 0.5 1 and 2 mins contact time z5/6 isolates + E. coli control strain were highly susceptible to chlorine z>7 log10 reduction of each of these strains by 0.25 mg/L free chlorine

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What About Sodium Hypochlorite (NaOCl)? Flow Control

Sodium hypochlorite is inherently an unstable compound. Two things can happen to it in a piping system that will affect the choice of a valve. Sodium hypochlorite can decompose over time, which

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Processing of fresh-cut tropical fruits and vegetables: A

Figure 4.1 Typical fresh-cut process flow chart for fruits, vegetables and root crops .. 25 Figure 4.2 Steps in phenolic metabolism that result in browning.. 26 Figure 9.1 Basic design of a small fresh-cut produce processing plant .. 62 Figure 9.2 An example of product/personnel flow

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for Cleaning Your Cleanroom: Cleaning Products and

sodium hypochlorite (bleach) solutions are also effective as sanitizing agents.1 Recent data from the CDC states that a sodium hypochlorite solution of 500 ppm is effective against almost all surface

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Dechlorination Chlorine Chloramines Process Water

Most U.S. public water supplies today are disinfected with either chlorine or chloramines (chlorine mixed with ammonia). For disinfection, chlorine is generally added as a gas or liquid (typically as sodium hypochlorite

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Chlorination / DeChlorination Procedures

• The selected dechlorination process must be able to neutralize the chlorine to levels below 0.01 mg/l. • Testing needs to be done at the point of discharge, the point you lose control of the water flow. •

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Water Treatment Design Lecture-13 Chlorination

Sodium Hypochlorite: NaClO Solution is relatively unstable: => need for quick consumption => regular supply required or: Production on site by electrolysis: => high impact on equipment => HCl for cleaning required High pH => operational risk due to aggressiveness High cost of consumption of chemicals => mostly applied for small flow

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CHLORINE SAFETY SCRUBBING SYSTEMS

sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) and salt (NaCl): Cl 2 + 2 NaOH NaOCl + NaCl + H 2 O [E2-1] On a weight basis, one kg (2.2 lbs) of chlorine plus 1.13 kg (2.48 lbs) of sodium hydroxide will produce 1.05 kg (2.31 lbs) of sodium hypochlorite. 2.2.2 Side Reactions Additional reactions occurring during the scrubbing of chlorine with sodium

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Electrochlorination Wikipedia

The product of the process, sodium hypochlorite, provides 0.7% to 1% chlorine. Anything below the concentration of 1% chlorine is considered a non-hazardous chemical [according to whom?] although still a very effective disinfectant. The sodium hypochlorite